Top 6 Common STDs in Men: Symptoms and Treatments

Top 6 Common STDs in Men: Symptoms and Treatments

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can affect anyone, especially sexually active people. Even though STDs can affect both men and women, symptoms can be different from each gender. So it’s important to be aware of symptoms of some common STDs in men and receive treatment soon. With early cures, men with STDs will have an excellent outlook.

Top 6 Common STDs in Men: Symptoms and Treatments

There’re many STDs that most sexually active people will contract at least once in their lives. But depending on each individual and gender, symptoms of STDs can vary. According to the WHO, people in the world get more than 1 million STDs each day.

Sometimes, STDs don’t show up any symptoms, so it’s possible to have an STD without knowing it. You can also be confused STDs because of similar symptoms. Below, you understand symptoms of STDs in men how to treat them.

1. Genital Herpes

Herpes is the most common STD in sexually active people. There’re two main types of herpes simplex virus (HSV) affecting different parts of the body. They include

  • HSV type 1 causes cold sores in and around the mouth
  • HSV type 2 leads to genital herpes that usually spreads through unprotected sexual activities.

Many people with herpes don’t know they have had it because this virus shows no symptoms. However, herpes sometimes appears 2-12 days after exposure.

Common symptoms of herpes in men may be

  • Tingling, painful sensations in the affected areas
  • Painful blisters or sores in the genitals, scrotums, rectum, and thighs
  • Sores muscles in the buttocks, upper legs, and buttocks
  • Fever
  • Body aches
  • Loss of appetite

If you have these symptoms, talk with your doctor soon. The doctor will use blood tests, a swab test, and PCR test to diagnose herpes.


There’s no cure for herpes. Treatments will focus on alleviating the symptoms and preventing outbreaks. You can ask your doctor about antiviral medications or topical creams, such as Acyclovir, Valacyclovir, and Prosurx.

Genital herpes in men

Genital herpes in men

2. Chlamydia

Similar to herpes, chlamydia is passed by having unprotected sex. Men can get this STD in the rectum, urethra, or throat. However, chlamydia is known as a “silent” infection because it doesn’t show up any symptoms. Most chlamydia infections in men don’t cause any signs. Even so, some men develop symptoms of chlamydia about several weeks after exposure.

Common symptoms of chlamydia in men, including

  • Discharge from the penis
  • Burning and itching around the head of the penis
  • Pain during urination
  • Swelling and pain in testicles

Your doctor usually collects urine samples to check for chlamydia in men. They also use a cotton swab to collect a sample from the urethra.


Antibiotics are the best treatment for chlamydia. This cure option consists of a single dose or a course in a week.

Related: Noticeable Symptoms of STDs in Women

Chlamydia is one of the common STDs in men

Chlamydia is one of the common STDs in men

3. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can spread through oral, vagina, and oral sex without condoms. Most men who contracted gonorrhea show no symptoms. But in some cases, gonorrhea still causes symptoms after 1-14 days of exposure.

Common symptoms of gonorrhea in men are

  • White, yellow, or gray discharge
  • Itching and pain in the anus
  • Pain in the testicles
  • Painful urination
  • Painful bowel movements


Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics. But healthcare providers are worryed about the antibiotic-resistant, which makes successful treatment more difficult.

Symptoms of Gonorrhea in men

Symptoms of Gonorrhea in men

4. Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by bacteria which passes through sexual acts. Men who have sex with men will have a higher risk of developing syphilis. Symptoms of syphilis usually occur 10-90 days after infection. Along with that, the symptoms will progress in stages.

Common symptoms of syphilis in men

In the first stage

  • A small sore on the penis, anus, lips, or mouth
  • Sores can develop in buttocks or on the fingers
  • Swollen lymph node in the armpits, groins, and neck

In the second stage

  • Large white or gray lesions in the groin, anus, armpit, or mouth
  • Skin rashes on the hands’ palms or soles of the feet
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • A sore throat
  • Hair loss

Your doctor will do a blood test or examine fluid from a sore to diagnose syphilis


Benzathine benzylpenicillin- an antibiotic is used to treat different stages of syphilis.

Syphilis in men

Syphilis in men

5. HPV

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common STDs in men. It consists of more than 150 types and mostly affects young people. Once contracted, some people have no symptoms while others may take several months or years to show up. Certain types of HPV will cause genital warts in sexually active people.

Common symptoms of HPV in men are

  • A small or cluster of bumps on the penis, scrotums, or anus that look like cauliflower
  • Discomfort
  • Burning when urinating
  • Painful during sex

At present, there’s no screening test for HPV in men. But your doctor will make a diagnosis based on genital warts which are present.


Many cases of HPV can go own on their own without any treatment. However, if HPV doesn’t clear up, you need to receive treatment. Although there’s no cure to treat HPV completely, alternative therapies and topical creams can help to remove genital warts. Ask your doctor about some treatments, like Vidarox, Imiquimod 5%, cryotherapy, and laser.

Men develop genital warts

Men develop genital warts

6. Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an inflammation of the liver that can pass between people in blood, semen, and bodily fluids. This condition also spreads through sexual contacts.

Common symptoms of hepatitis B in men consist of

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Joint pain


There is no cure for acute hepatitis B, but people can use medications for chronic hepatitis B.

Many men who get an STD don’t have any symptoms, so you should get STDs tested regularly. If you experience abnormal symptoms in the genital, you should visit your doctor soon.



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